Transport & Logistics


Optimisation of transportation and handling of biomass feedstock and of bioenergy intermediates carriers are key issues. The whole bioenergy value chains were part of the assessment and modelling including conversion technologies for decentralised conversion of biomass to bioenergy intermediates and subsequent energy production on a trans-regional, EU-wide level.

Transport of biomass over long distances is expensive and inefficient; therefore, de-central conversion plants should be located in regions with large feedstock potentials. The produced intermediate energy carriers are more transport-worthy concerning energy density and handling, enabling railway transport over long distances to a central plant for efficient upgrading to a usable bioenergy product as e. g. transportation fuel.

Parameters and factors relevant for scenario analysis and optimization.

The power and performance of the heuristic modelling: Catalytic Pyrolysis pathway

An exemplary result of the simulation model developed in BioBoost. Areas with catalytic pyrolysis plants are coloured according to the production costs (green – 630; yellow – 700; orange – 870 EUR/t biooil), NUTS regions with refineries are indicated by black arrow. CP plants would be built where feedstock (here forest residues) are available for low cost as e. g. in the Baltic States. Biomass feedstock transport across NUTS regions is indicated with blue arrows; red arrows indicate biooil transport to refineries with available conversion capacities. Other regions with a more balanced ratio of biooil supply and demand were omitted for sake of simplicity.

The BioBoost Simulator a model for the evaluation of processes for 2nd generation bio-fuels was developed. A customized algorithm optimizes locations and capacities of plants as well as biomass and energy carrier logistics. The Simulator was developed by HEAL the Heuristic and Evolutionary Algorithms Laboratory of the University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria (FHOOE). Using the Simulator helps to analyse which regions in Europe would be ideal for first implementation of industrial-scale plants for 2nd generation bio fuels. You can also easily analyse the profitability of such plants.

Follow the link to download the software as an add-on for HeuristicLab.


European-Scale Logistics Simulation model for biogenic residues (accurate logistic costs, route lengths, conversion process parameters, emissions, waste streams).

First results publically available as BioBoost Navigator Flexible and easy to handle for users.



Efficient optimization scheme for large scale logistic networks (fast evaluation and optimization within a few hours).


Unprecedented scale and granularity, also useful for other plant location problems.


Comprehensive risk assessment and contingency planning.

Risks are known and can be considered.